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The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“the Act”) prohibits advance refunding of tax-exempt bonds with tax-exempt debt, effective January 1, 2018. Many borrowers have historically taken advantage of advance refunding opportunities in low interest rate environments to create present value (PV) savings. While the Act limits a borrower’s advance refunding capabilities to taxable financing, other opportunities to monetize savings may be realized using a forward refunding. This structure does have a different risk profile than a traditional cash market taxable advance refunding, and such risks should be discussed and considered prior to any execution.
Issuers considering a traditional taxable advance refunding of outstanding fixed rate bonds may be able to enhance the refunding opportunity through a forward refunding. A forward refunding combines a forward bank commitment and forward starting interest rate swap to lock in savings based on current rates.
This solution may eliminate the potential for negative arbitrage associated with a taxable advance refunding escrow while providing the borrower an opportunity to “lock in” interest rates currently available.
PNC’s Derivative Products Group is focused on providing clients with general market knowledge and structuring expertise when developing comprehensive risk management strategies to meet specific objectives.
PNC Bank, National Association (A S&P / A+ Fitch / A2 Moody’s, as of March 31, 2018) would be the counterparty to any interest rate swap. PNC Bank is an active counterparty for interest rate derivatives, managing a book in excess of $222 billion as of March 2018.
At PNC, we combine a wide range of financial resources with a deep understanding of your business to help you achieve your goals. To learn more about how we can bring ideas, insight and solutions to you, please contact PNC’s Derivative Products Group at firstname.lastname@example.org.
SWAP Dealer Activities Standard Disclaimer The information contained herein (“Information”) was produced by an employee of PNC Bank, National Association’s (“PNC Bank”) foreign exchange and derivative products group. Such Information is not a “research report” nor is it intended to constitute a “research report” (as defined by applicable regulations). The Information is of general market, economic, and political conditions or statistical summaries of financial data and is not an analysis of the price or market for any product or transaction.
This document and the Information it contains is intended for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal, accounting, tax, trading or other professional advice. You should consult with your own independent legal, accounting, tax and other professional advisors before taking any action based on this Information. Under no circumstances should this document or any Information contained herein be considered a recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell any products or services or a commitment to enter into any transaction. Eligibility for particular products or services is conditioned upon PNC Bank’s subsequent formal agreement, which will be subject to internal approvals and binding transaction documents. The Information contained herein on exchange and interest rates, commodity prices and market indices are gathered from sources PNC Bank believes to be reliable and accurate at the time of publication. Therefore, PNC Bank makes no representations or warranties regarding the Information’s accuracy, timeliness, or completeness. Further, all performance, returns, prices, or rates are for illustrative purposes only, are subject to firm quotes, may not be achievable or indicative of future performance, actual results will vary, and may be adversely affected by exchange rates, interest rates, commodity prices or other factors. Markets do and will change. Any Information, values, estimates, or opinions expressed or implied herein are subject to change without notice. Under no circumstances is PNC Bank liable for any lost profits, lost opportunities, or any indirect, consequential, incidental, special, punitive, or exemplary damages arising out of any use, reliance, or any opinion, estimate or Information contained herein or any omission therefrom. PNC Bank, its predecessors, and affiliated companies may serve, either currently or within the previous three years, as underwriter, placement agent, market maker, manager, initial purchaser, broker, or deal as principal in any security, derivative or other instruments mentioned in this document. Any such relationship may differ materially from transactions contemplated herein. In addition, PNC Bank, its affiliated companies, shareholders, directors, officers, or employees may at any time acquire, hold or dispose of positions similar or contrary to the positions contemplated herein (including hedging and trading positions) which may impact the performance of a product described in this document. Early termination of a foreign exchange or derivative transaction may require payment of a termination amount to or from PNC Bank depending on market rates or prices at the time of termination. The Information contained herein is confidential and may not be disclosed, duplicated, copied, disseminated or distributed by any means to any other person or entity without PNC Bank’s prior written consent.
PNC is a registered service mark of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. (“PNC”). Foreign exchange and derivative products are obligations of PNC Bank, Member FDIC and a whollyowned subsidiary of PNC. Foreign exchange and derivative products are not bank deposits and are not FDIC insured, nor are they insured or guaranteed by PNC Bank or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates.
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