Objective: The children will learn about dairy farms. They will learn about changes in states of matter from a liquid to a solid when making ice cream.
Note: The amounts indicated in What You Will Need will make about 2 cups of ice cream.
Farming is important work because everyone needs food. There are many different types of farms. Crop farms are farms that grow vegetables and grains. Farms that grow fruits are called orchards. Dairy farms are farms that specialize in raising cows that produce milk and milk products. Many products come from milk, such as cream, butter, cheese, and ice cream.
Liquids and solids are two forms of matter. Some liquids can become solid, and some solids can become liquid. All liquids can pour and take the shape of the container that they are in. Solids keep their own shape and cannot flow like a liquid. Milk and cream are liquids that contain fat particles. When the milk and cream are mixed together, the fat particles smash into each other and create larger fat particles. When the milk and cream mixture begins to freeze, the larger fat particles become ice cream, which is a solid.
These lessons are aligned with the Common Core State Standards ("CCSS"). The CCSS provide a consistent, clear understanding of the concepts and skills children are expected to learn and guide teachers to provide their students with opportunities to gain these important skills and foundational knowledge.
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There are currently no Common Core Standards for pre-k, but these lessons are aligned as closely as possible to capture the requirements and meet the goals of Common Core Standards. However, these lessons were neither reviewed or approved by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices or the Council of Chief State School Officers, which together are the owners and developers of the Common Core State Standards.