Objective: Children will learn about ants and how they live in an anthill, which is an ant habitat.
Ants are insects that make their homes beneath the Earth. A family of ants is called a colony and they live beneath the Earth. They dig many tunnels in the ground. An anthill is typically a pile of Earth, sand, pine needles, or clay, or a combination of these things and other materials, that has come out of the Earth where the ants made their entrance. Beneath the ground, the family of ants, including many worker ants, carries tiny bits of dirt and pebbles out of the hole and deposits them near the exit of the home. The material taken from the Earth is normally put at the top of the hill to prevent it from sliding back into their home.
Arthropods are animals with segmented bodies, six or more jointed legs, and a hard shell called an exoskeleton. They are the largest animal group on Earth. Most belong to one of three major groups: insects, crustaceans, or arachnids. Insects have three body parts (a head, thorax, and abdomen), two antennae, and six jointed legs. Most adult insects have wings. Flies only have two wings. All other insects with wings have four. Eighty percent of all animals on Earth are insects. Ants are insects, but spiders, for example, are not insects.
These lessons are aligned with the Common Core State Standards ("CCSS"). The CCSS provide a consistent, clear understanding of the concepts and skills children are expected to learn and guide teachers to provide their students with opportunities to gain these important skills and foundational knowledge.
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There are currently no Common Core Standards for pre-k, but these lessons are aligned as closely as possible to capture the requirements and meet the goals of Common Core Standards. However, these lessons were neither reviewed or approved by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices or the Council of Chief State School Officers, which together are the owners and developers of the Common Core State Standards.