Objective: The children will learn about habitats and create a habitat for crickets.
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Note: Before starting the activity, use a sharp knife to place small air holes in the lid of the container.
A habitat is a place where an animal naturally lives or a plant naturally grows. A habitat is composed of five basic elements: food, water, air, shelter, and space. A healthy habitat provides everything an animal needs to survive and grow. In North America, there are many different types of habitats, such as forests, grasslands, deserts, and wetlands. Crickets live in almost any environment—forests, grasslands, wetlands, caves, beaches, and underground. Crickets, like other animals, will make their home wherever they can find food, water, air, shelter, and space.
There are more than 900 different kinds of crickets, but the most common are house crickets and field crickets. Field crickets live outdoors and eat decaying plant matter and seedlings. House crickets begin looking for warm places to escape the cool nights in early fall. House crickets can be found in basements, closets, fireplaces, cupboards, garages, and almost anywhere in or near a house. House crickets eat almost anything in sight.
These lessons are aligned with the Common Core State Standards ("CCSS"). The CCSS provide a consistent, clear understanding of the concepts and skills children are expected to learn and guide teachers to provide their students with opportunities to gain these important skills and foundational knowledge.
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There are currently no Common Core Standards for pre-k, but these lessons are aligned as closely as possible to capture the requirements and meet the goals of Common Core Standards. However, these lessons were neither reviewed or approved by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices or the Council of Chief State School Officers, which together are the owners and developers of the Common Core State Standards.