Objective: Children will explore spiders and their habitat by creating a spider web and spiders.‹ Return to Theme
Spiders come in many sizes, shapes, and colors, but they all have certain characteristics in common. All spiders have two body sections (insects have three). Most spiders have four pairs of simple eyes. Some spiders have six, four, two or no eyes. Spiders have eight legs (insects have six legs). Spiders have spinnerets that secrete a liquid that hardens into “silk”, which they use to make webs. Another word for spider is arachnid.
Spiders live almost everywhere except in polar regions. Most spiders build webs. There are several different types of spider webs, but the most common are orb webs and tangle webs. Orb webs are basically flat and built in a spiral sequence around a central hub. The hub, which is slightly above the center of the web, is where spiders lurk. Tangle webs are woven into irregular, three-dimensional shapes. These are commonly called cobwebs.
The construction of a spider web is an intricate process. Spiders spin several radial lines stretched between anchor points. These lines intersect at a central point and connect through a framework. The spider then fills in the web moving from the center out in a clockwise motion. Spider webs are made of silk that comes from the silk glands in their own body. Spiders make different types of threads that make up the web and each thread has a special purpose. For example, some sticky threads are made for trapping prey. Each night, the spider eats the interior of the web and reconstructs it each morning with new silk. Usually spiders do not eat the framework or anchoring lines of the web. This allows the spider to recoup some of the energy used in spinning and to recycle the silk protein.
These lessons are aligned with the Common Core State Standards ("CCSS"). The CCSS provide a consistent, clear understanding of the concepts and skills children are expected to learn and guide teachers to provide their students with opportunities to gain these important skills and foundational knowledge.
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There are currently no Common Core Standards for pre-k, but these lessons are aligned as closely as possible to capture the requirements and meet the goals of Common Core Standards. However, these lessons were neither reviewed or approved by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices or the Council of Chief State School Officers, which together are the owners and developers of the Common Core State Standards.