Objective: Children will use flashlights to explore the difference between day and night.‹ Return to Theme
Note: Prior to the lesson, make three columns on the chart paper with the headings Day, Night, and Both.
When we look up at the Sun during different points in the day, it appears to be moving across the sky. The Sun does not move; it is the Earth that is moving. The Earth rotates, or spins, on its axis. The “axis” is an imaginary line from the North Pole to the South Pole of the Earth. As the Earth rotates, the Sun hits different parts of the Earth, giving us day and night. The half of the Earth that is facing the Sun is having day, and the half of the Earth that is not facing the Sun is having night. It takes the Earth 24 hours to make one complete rotation on its axis.
The Sun is actually a star. Like all stars, it is a ball of hot, glowing gas. It is the only star we can see during the day. Even though the other stars are in the sky during the day, we can only see them at night because our Sun is so bright during the day. Our Sun looks larger than the other stars because the Earth is much closer to the Sun than it is to the other stars in the sky.
These lessons are aligned with the Common Core State Standards ("CCSS"). The CCSS provide a consistent, clear understanding of the concepts and skills children are expected to learn and guide teachers to provide their students with opportunities to gain these important skills and foundational knowledge.
While we believe that the books and resources recommended may be of value to you, keep in mind that these are suggestions only and you must do your own due diligence to determine whether the materials are appropriate and suitable for your use. PNC has no sponsorship or endorsement agreement with the authors or publishers of the materials listed.
There are currently no Common Core Standards for pre-k, but these lessons are aligned as closely as possible to capture the requirements and meet the goals of Common Core Standards. However, these lessons were neither reviewed or approved by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices or the Council of Chief State School Officers, which together are the owners and developers of the Common Core State Standards.