Checking vs. Savings Accounts: What Are The Key Differences?
Checking accounts and savings accounts are two of the most common types of bank accounts available. However, they work in different ways and serve separate functions. In this guide to checking vs. savings accounts, we compare and contrast these popular bank accounts to help you decide which account type(s) meet your financial needs.
Key Differences Between Checking and Savings Accounts
The biggest difference between checking and savings accounts is that checking accounts are typically used for day-to-day spending. By contrast, savings accounts are intended for short- to long-term saving.
That's because you can earn interest on your deposits and grow your money over time with a savings account. Most checking accounts accrue little to no interest.
A bank may also limit the number of transactions you can make in a savings account without paying a fee. Typically, you can use a checking account whenever you like (although there may be limits to how much money you can withdraw, spend, or deposit in a day). Fees may apply for certain transaction types.
The following table highlights the key differences.
Checking accounts are bank accounts that store your money until you want to spend it. You can also use a checking account to pay for goods and services digitally, as well as pay your bills online.
Getting money into your account is relatively easy, too. Many employers will set up direct deposits so your paycheck goes straight into your checking account. You can also usually fund your account through a banking app, at an ATM, or at a local bank branch.
Accessing your money with a checking account is easy and convenient. You can:
- Use a debit card: Most checking accounts have debit cards for purchases. You may be required to enter your personal identification number (PIN) to complete transactions when using your debit card as an added layer of protection.
- Use mobile banking apps: You can use mobile banking to pay recurring bills, deposit checks, and monitor your account's security. You can also use apps connected to your checking account to send money to friends and vendors, such as Venmo and Zelle.
- Withdraw from an ATM: You can use your debit card at an ATM to withdraw cash, make deposits, and check your account balance. However, keep in mind that if you use an ATM out of your bank's network, you may receive charges from your bank and/or the bank that owns the ATM.
- Write paper checks: Typically, you'll receive an order of paper checks when you open a checking account. You can always purchase additional checks as needed.
- Visit a local branch: Visit a local banking branch and tell the teller you'd like to withdraw cash. You'll need to bring along a photo ID.
Some banks charge monthly maintenance fees for checking accounts, but they'll often waive these costs for maintaining a set minimum balance or direct deposit in your account. There are also fee-free checking accounts.
Most checking accounts also charge fees for overdrawing on your account (spending more than you have deposited) and fees for using out-of-network ATMs. Always make sure that you read and understand the terms of your account so you don't get caught off-guard by any unexpected fees.
The biggest benefit of having a checking account is the easy access to your money.
Checking accounts eliminate the need for carrying large amounts of cash around with you — which can be a safety issue. In addition, in most accounts, generally, deposits are protected up to $250,000 per depositor, per bank by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
In addition, many checking accounts offer overdraft protection, so you don't need to overly worry about spending more than your available balance.
Typically, savings accounts are used to save money for short- to long-term savings goals.
Unlike most checking accounts, savings accounts pay interest rates on your deposited funds, putting your money to work. Some accounts — dubbed high-yield savings accounts — pay more than others.
Because most banks limit the number of withdrawals you can make from a savings account in a month, these accounts are not intended for everyday spending.
Accessing your savings account funds is relatively easy. You can:
- Use mobile banking apps: Use your bank's app to transfer funds from your savings account to a checking account (or another type of account).
- Withdraw from an ATM: Your bank may give you an ATM card that you can use at an automated teller machine to withdraw or transfer funds.
- Visit a local branch: A teller at your local bank branch can assist you in withdrawing or transferring funds. You'll need to bring along a photo ID.
Some banks charge fees for keeping a savings account. Your bank may waive them if you maintain a certain minimum balance in your account or if you link a checking account.
In addition, your bank might charge you a penalty if you make too many withdrawals in a month. Always ensure you understand the fees your bank charges before signing up for an account.
The biggest benefit of opening a savings account is the fact that you can earn interest on your deposits and withdraw your money at any time without penalty (unlike with a certificate of deposit, or CD). Savings accounts also keep your money safe — they're insured up to $250,000 per depositor, per bank, by the FDIC.
Checking vs. Savings Accounts: Which Account Fits Your Needs?
Checking accounts and savings accounts serve similar but different purposes. Both types of accounts can keep your money safe until you need it.
However, checking accounts are the better option for day-to-day spending, while savings accounts are great for saving your money.
Many households opt to have both a checking and a savings account — often at the same bank. By doing this, you can link both types of accounts and easily transfer funds between them. You may want to set up a checking account for your everyday spending and save and earn interest for longer-term goals in a savings account. It's the best of both worlds.