Objective: Children will investigate things that fly in the sky and explore how kites fly.‹ Return to Theme
Birds, insects, airplanes, jets, helicopters, and kites are some of the things that we can see flying in the sky. Birds and insects are naturally designed for flight, but airplanes, jets, and helicopters need special equipment in order to fly. Airplanes and jets fly by moving through the air. Wings on airplanes and jets create lift that overcomes gravity and helps them fly. The wings are curved on the top and flat on the bottom. This special shape allows the air to flow faster over the top of the wing than the bottom. The difference in the airflow creates pressure that lifts the plane up into the air. The engine on a plane moves it faster on the ground and gives it more momentum to lift off the ground, but planes also have engines that push them into the air and keep them moving. Kites fly because they are lightweight and are held at an angle to the wind.
Kites need to be lightweight in order to fly. If the kite is too heavy, it would fall to the ground. It is important for the kite to hold its shape so the wind will not blow through it. When the wind meets a kite, the wind has nowhere to go but downward. This causes the kite to get pushed upward. Holding on to the string of the kite is important; it anchors the kite so it does not blow away. The string is also important for getting the kite to lift into the air. If there is not much wind, pulling the kite with the string against still air has the same effect as the wind. The air gets pushed down, and the kite goes up, up, and away!
These lessons are aligned with the Common Core State Standards ("CCSS"). The CCSS provide a consistent, clear understanding of the concepts and skills children are expected to learn and guide teachers to provide their students with opportunities to gain these important skills and foundational knowledge.
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There are currently no Common Core Standards for pre-k, but these lessons are aligned as closely as possible to capture the requirements and meet the goals of Common Core Standards. However, these lessons were neither reviewed or approved by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices or the Council of Chief State School Officers, which together are the owners and developers of the Common Core State Standards.